Tuesday, January 17, 2012

Indian National Anthem under CONTROVERIES

The poem was composed in December 1911, precisely at the time of the Coronation Durbar of George V, and is considered by some to be in praise of King George V and not God. Tagore however translated "Jana Gana Mana" in English as the Morning Song of India, addressing God and the motherland in it.

In July 1985 in the state of Kerala, some of the Jehovah's Witnesses' children were expelled from school under the instructions of Deputy Inspector of Schools for having refused to sing the national anthem, Jana Gana Mana. A parent, V. J. Emmanuel, appealed to the Supreme Court of India for legal remedy. On August 11, 1986, the Supreme Court overruled the Kerala High Court, and directed the respondent authorities to re-admit the children into the school. The decision went on to add: "Our tradition teaches tolerance, our philosophy preaches tolerance, our Constitution practices tolerance, let us not dilute it".

A controversy swirls around the claim by Captain Ram Singh Thakur, an associate of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, that he, and not Rabindranath Tagore, wrote the score for the national anthem on Netaji's behest. An advertisement released in Calcutta newspapers by the Gorkha Hill Council to mark the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose centenary on January 23, 1997 plunged him into controversy. The advertisement hailed him as the Gorkha who set the national anthem to music, following sharp reactions that such a claim was never made before. Capt. Ram Singh Thakur intended to write a letter to President Shankar Dayal Sharma claiming that his contribution in composing the score of the national anthem is being refuted just because he is a Gorkha. Netaji's nephew, Dr Sisir Bose, said that Captain Ram Singh Thakur had composed the band-score of a Hindi song, Subh Sukh Chain similar to the national anthem, but not identical. Tagore is widely believed to have himself set the lyrics of "Jana Gana Mana" to music as early as 1919, like he had done to Amar Shonar Bangla, now the National Anthem of Bangladesh, Ekla Cholo Re, another favorite song of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, and his numerous other musical compositions, famous as Rabindra Sangeet. The credit to Tagore for the music of "Jana Gana Mana" is also upheld by the Government of India.

courtesy : http://en.wikipedia.org/

Tuesday, April 19, 2011


By Adam S. Eterovich

America was being colonized by the English in 1585-1590 at Croatoan-Roanoke on the Atlantic coast in the Carolinas. This was called the Lost Colony. Sir Walter Raleigh was given a Royal Charter to colonize. When the English returned in 1590 they found carved on a tree “Croatoan� and no colonists. Western historians state that Croatoan-Croatan is an Indian word. This was the first English attempt to colonize in America.

In 1588 the great Spanish Armada attacked England. It is estimated that at least fifteen percent of the war galleons and merchant fleet under Spanish flag were from Dalmatia, Croatia.

In 1588 the Pope, Sixtus V, was a Croatian and the Great Vizier or Prime Minister of the Turkish Empire, Siavus Pasha Hrvat (Hrvat means Croatian) was a Croatian. At that point in time these two individuals were the most powerful and influential men in all of Europe. Both were immigrants; one an "Italian", the other a "Turk".

A Croatian traveling west in Europe or to the New World from 1300-1700 could have been identified in documents as Hungarian, Venetian, Austrian, Turkish, Italian-Venetian, Schiavon, Slavonian, Illyrian, Dalmatian or from the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik).

In 2003 to state or assume that Croatians participated in discovery of new lands and were with Columbus would not be believed and probably questioned in many circles. The 1400's-1650's were in fact a golden age for Croatia disproportionate to her size in territory and population, considering the Ottoman Turk invasion and conquest of Croatia up to Croatian-Dalmatia and the Republic of Ragusa.

Previous, during and after the discovery of America, Croatians participated in mercantile and diplomatic activities in Spain, Portugal, England, France, Florence, Venice, Genoa and in India, America, Canada, Central and South America. Their presence in England at the time of colonization was neither accidental nor luck.

Voyages on the American Coast

In 1498 John Cabot, discoverer of North America, started on his second voyage and then coasted along the East shore of the American mainland to Cape Hatteras. Explorations of later date found pieces of a broken sword of Italian workmanship, and that two silver earrings of Venetian make had been seen upon a boy who was a native of the North-West country in America which might indicate the destruction of part of Cabot's fleet. Cabot's lawyer was a Dalmatian from Dubrovnik-Ragusa.

New Dalmatia

The New England Coast was first called New Dalmatia by explorer Verrazano in 1524. This had been written about by French, Italian and American historians. Verrazano mentions Sclavonia, Dalmatia and names four islands after Dalmatian islands. Isola Lunga is Dugi Otok or Long Island, New York. Verrazano discovered New York and may have lost ships off the Carolina coast.

San Blas-Saint Vlaho

Jean Alfonse in the Alfonse Voyages of the 1540's along the Atlantic coast comments on passing Cap S. Blas, not naming it, with a notation of northeast of Florida in beautiful country at the port of Chatelain which would be Charleston, South Carolina. S. Blas is Saint Vlaho or Sveti Vlaho in Croatian. Saint Vlaho is the Patron Saint of Dubrovnik in Croatia.

Levantine Mariners

In 1565 Menendez de Aviles, the new governor of Florida, wiped out a colony of French Huguenots trying to settle near present-day Jacksonville. The "Levantine" mariners aboard the Flagship rebelled and took the ship and disappeared. Navigation would dictate that the ship went north and could have crashed off of Hatteras. Levantine mariners were usually Dalmatian-Croatian Catholics. Spain would not allow on her ships Greek Orthodox or Moslems.

Sir Walter Raleigh and Nikola Gozi-Gucetich

Sir Walter Raleigh and Nikola Gozi-Gucetich held meetings in 1585 in London, prior to the voyage, with the admiral Lord Charles Howard of Effingham. Croatoan Island was first called My Lord Admirals Island in honor of Lord Howard of Effingham. Nikola Gozi-Gucetich of Dubrovnik was the second largest foreign banker in England. His nephew, Paolo Gondola-Gundulich, wrote letters to a friend in Florence from London of Drake and Raleigh in Virginia and other voyages. The Dalmatian-Croatian colony had a Fraternity in London. They probably were venture capitalists in a number of English voyages of exploration.

Croatian Place Names in North Carolina

Place names and names found in North Carolina associated with Croatia are: Croatamonge, Croatamung Island, Croatan Indians, Croatan Indian Park, Croatan National Forest, Croatan Sound, Croatan Township, Croatan Wildlife Area, Croatoan and Croatoan Island.

Croato an--Croat an

Croato-Croata-Croati is the Italian form of Croatia or Croatian. The Italian alphabet does not have a K. When a person is from a place such as Split, Dubrovnik, Ragusa, Zagreb, as examples ---- you can say he is a: Splitcan, Hvaran, Dubrovcan, Ragusan, Zagrebcan, Trogiran, Hercegovan. Croatia was not a country in the 1500s but a part of Venice, Austria, Hungary, Turkey or the Republic of Dubrovnik-Ragusa. One could say they were: Croatians, Croatans or Croatoan s. All historians and experts state that Croatoan is an Algonquin Indian name. Other experts state there is no CR or KR sound in the Algonquin language in that area.

Is Ottorasko-Hrvatsko (Croatia)?

Cape Hatteras: Place name variations included Hatarask, Hotoras, Hatorask, Hatorasck, Hatrask, Otterasco, 0ttorasko. Ottorasko was the earliest name given to this island south of Port Ferdinando with Croatoan southward from it again.


The Melungeon, Lumbee, and Croatan groups in America claim to be a mixture of Indian and European mariners, liberated slaves, Lost Colonists, and remnants of Spanish and Portuguese settlements. There is considerable speculation as to the origin of the name Melungeon. The Melingi-Melingoi were Slavic groups in the Balkans that would have willingly served in Turkish fleets.

Turkish Slaves

Sir Frances Drake liberated hundreds of slaves in the Caribbean while plundering Spanish settlements. Drake brought material help to the Roanoke Colony and left the Turks and Moors and some European slaves at Roanoke. These liberated slaves far outnumbered the English Colonists; some left with Drake and were returned to Turkey. The Turkish slaves were captured in sea battles in the Mediterranean. Almost all Turkish admirals in the 1500’s were Croatian-Dalmatians. Bosnia-Hercegovina, one half of Croatia and parts of the Dalmatian coast, all part of the Croatian kingdom, were conquered by Turkey. Many Dalmatian mariners served in Turkish fleets; the second language at the Turkish Court for the military and marine was Croatian. Twenty two Great Viziers (Prime Ministers) of the Turkish Empire were Croatians.


At the Lost Colony, Ribuckon meant in Algonquin Indian a fishing place or fish; Cipo was mullet fish; Cante-Cante meant to sing and dance and Sat was time. There were many other similarities. Gray eyes and blondish hair amongst the Indians was noted for centuries. Gray eyes and light hair is found in Croatia in great numbers and not found in any other Mediterranean people.

Research should be done at Istanbul, Turkey to determine the names of those "Turks" returned by the English from the Lost Colony. DNA and blood testing is now being conducted, but is not considering Croatians or Croatia and Bosnia.

Friday, February 4, 2011

A Grand Visit

The world best university "VTU-Karnataka" is best for its exam-postponing feature... Due to this, I was in the "Semister-Exam" lock-up from 27th december 2010 to 29th january 2011. Can you just feel that ?? Well, my practical exams were on 27th december (WORKSHOP) n on 30th december (PHYSICS LAB) but the circular of VTU notifying dat d MATHEMATICS paper of 15th january 2011 has been postponed to 27th january 2011...

Its jst so easy to say POSTPONED.. bt ask d student who has already started dreaming his home which he is going to visit after 4 months...!!! Dis was not enough... said "OK...only 2 days of postpone...we'll manage...." Xams started n were running smoothly bt Mr CM of Karnataka called off KARNATAKA-BANDH on 22nd jan...-our mechanical paper...!!! so disgusting - prepare for 2 complete days n get up in d mrng 4 xam n u get dat d xam is postponed till further notice..!! Anyways...xam was rescheduled on 29th jan...

D most worst part of it was dat d clg reopening date was 7th feb even after multiple change in xam schedule.... 30th jan - took off 4rm bangalore by train...2nd feb - reached home " train was late by 3 hrs at HOWRAH "....

Came home...slept day long...went 4 a walk in d evening !!! Saw a news : "SWADESHI MELA 2011 4rm 3rd feb" and "Basant Mela 4rm 5th feb"... WAAOOO...fultoon tym pass.... Relatives calling me to their houses n as a buzy person..i m giving dem appointments !!! YOU ALWAYS FEEL GOOD WEN R IN SUCH A DEMAND !!!

Well tym is passing by n i hav already started getting the FACEBOOK UPDATES of my frndz returning to clg... I M RETURNING ON 11th feb....bt still awaiting my nxt visit !!!


Saturday, September 18, 2010

My farewell NOTE

A few friends of mine discussed through their social networking accounts about their feelings of the moments during the process of leaving their home for their colleges……. I just commented on their status updates as ‘No Comments’. I took 2-3 long trips – to Delhi and Bangalore but didn’t feel that separation which I felt on 10th of September this year. Yes, there were tears in my eyes on leaving my homeland BOKARO. The streets, market, school, city centre, …… all were going back my way !!! Leaving them all behind …….

Even the school farewell function couldn’t bring tears in my eyes not even the outing tours…… The only I didn’t want was tears in my parents’ eyes, so the only thing I could do was to freeze my tears…. But how long !!!! Eyes flushed out water as I left the Bokaro Steel City and I was on my train birth … I was not in a position to speak up anything …. There was a lump in my throat !! I pretended myself to be asleep. I was in my train birth for the whole day.

Late hin sahi ….. I have too joined my college …… looking forward for my better future !!!!!!


Wednesday, June 9, 2010

Psychology of SUCCESS in Competitive Examinations

Well, to start with, the psychology of success in todays world of competition is very complicated. In every stage of life you have to face tough competition, right from your birth to your last breath. The toughest of them is to appear for such entrance examinations...........

  • First Entrance :Admission to Class Nursery
Now a days, every good and reputed school is conducting admission tests to permit small kids of around 3-4 years to take admissions into their institutions. Here too, for every 50 seats there is one applicant, and so children are given coaching and tuitions to prepare for the same.

  • Second Entrance : Admission to Senior Secondary Levels
CBSE board has introduced grading system in class 10th board examinations. Due to this, the admission processes have become much more tougher. Good to say for ICSE and State Boards......... they are still providing students their actual marks. I mean, grading system has made a 99 % student and a 95 % student in the same grade A1. this criteria has made this level of education a tougher one to compete in.

  • Third Entrance : Admission to Under-Graduation/Post-Graduation Level
This is one of the most important of all and most probably the toughest. The ratio of number of seats in good institutions to the number of applications is approximately 1:50. Due limited number of chances the applicants try their level best to get through it.

Now how to pass them without any obstacles ..........
Some points are to be taken in care of ::::::::::>

  1. Parental Support : It contains encouragement, dedication, and involvement of parents in the preparation process of their wards.
  2. Financial Support : The applicant should be provided with all feasible sources of education/preparation for entrances.
  3. Interaction with Friends : Group Discussions, Interactions and many more ... such can help more in their success.
The above steps can sure the success of the candidate in any phase of life.

Truly Speaking,